Economies all over the globe have invested in scientific and socio-economic research since the end of World War II. Industries and technology have evolved rapidly with major breakthroughs and scientific discoveries along the way, opening up new markets. Economies have reached new heights and are experiencing the effects of globalization. Healthcare and education are just a few of the sectors that have revolutionized our daily lives.
Research has been at the heart of all innovation. Therefore, billions are pumped into research by ¬†industries, governments, health facilities, and educational institutions. There are a number of research based institutions that work specifically towards enhancing research methodologies, improving practice, identifying and resolving problems, and expanding knowledge in various fields.
Diversity and cultural amalgamation have changed the social structure around us. What was in existence half a century ago is no longer adaptable now. High tech gadgets and internet have redefined traditional concepts. Globalization has led to the merging of different institutions and cultures. Higher education is the main driving force of every economy.
Today, students pursue higher education online on a massive scale. Essentialism in education is centered on the delivery of knowledge to students in a systematic and more disciplined manner. This school of thought contradicts concepts of progressivism, which focuses on freedom and individual learning experience. Essentialism dominated the American education system earlier in the 20th century. However, as the socio-economic and cultural factors have shifted, more institutions are following progressivism.